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    December 11, 2012

    Amnesty International is deeply concerned about ongoing indiscriminate attacks by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan State. This includes indiscriminate aerial bombardments by the SAF and indiscriminate shelling by the SAF and SPLA-N in and around Kadugli, the capital of Southern Kordofan. While thousands of people have fled since fighting intensified in October, many civilians remain effectively trapped in the area.

    Food sources, including crops, have been destroyed in bombing attacks and the authorities continue to refuse access for humanitarian aid. Recent reports that people attempting to flee have been arrested are deeply troubling, as are reports that people from the Nuba ethnic group are being arbitrarily detained on the basis of their ethnicity and perceived support from the political wing of the SPLA-N, known as the SPLM-N.

    December 07, 2012

    Human rights defenders in the Americas have made fundamental contributions to the advancement of human rights. However, as the clamour for human rights has grown in strength throughout the region, those at the forefront of these demands continue to be met with threats and violence. Those responsible are rarely brought to justice. Amnesty International urges governments throughout the region to fulfil their obligation to protect human rights defenders and to respect, protect and fulfil human rights for all.

    October 31, 2012

    Bosnia and Herzegovina is still struggling with the legacy of crimes committed during the 1992-1995 war. One of the least visible injustices is the ongoing failure to provide survivors of wartime rape and other forms of sexual violence with the reparation they desperately need. In the Republika Srpska, the true extent of sexual violence during the conflict has never been fully acknowledged by the authorities or society more broadly. Survivors are not recognised in law and their needs are not being met in practice. The authorities must move to meet these needs.

    October 11, 2012

    “I heard a man scream many times, they kept on asking him, “where are the guns, where are the drugs”, a bit later I heard “take him away and bring me the next one”, I heard them open a door.. they put a wet cloth over my face, when I tried to breath I felt the wet cloth, it became difficult to breath, I then felt a stream of water up my nose, I tried to get up but couldn’t because they had me held down by my shoulders and legs…someone was pressing down on my stomach, they did this repeatedly as they kept on asking the same questions” Miriam Isaura López detained by military in February 2011

    October 11, 2012

    The forced eviction of people from their homes or land they occupy without adequate legal protections is banned under international law. In spite of this, forced evictions in both rural and urban settings have become a routine occurrence across China.

    Forced evictions are so pervasive that they represent the single largest source of popular discontent in China. The rise in forced evictions in recent years have resulted from the rapid pace of urbanization and the Chinese government incentivizing local officials to deliver economic growth at any cost. 

    Individuals and communities that seek redress face beatings, harassment, imprisonment and even death at the hands of thugs hired by local officials, with the complicity of local police. Additionally, the lack of independence of Chinese courts means that individuals seeking redress face barriers to gaining justice and asserting their rights. Evictees are often offered minimal or no compensation and inadequate alternative housing, in direct violation of international law.

    October 09, 2012

    This updated preliminary survey by Amnesty International of legislation around the world is designed to assist the Sixth Committee in its annual discussions of universal jurisdiction. The updated version takes into account amendments to national legislation in Luxembourg and Comoros extending the scope of jurisdiction of their courts to provide for universal jurisdiction over genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes that have taken place since the preliminary survey was published in October 2011.

    October 08, 2012

    Dozens of people in Rwanda suspected of threatening national security have been held in a network of secret detention centres run by the military. In these camps, detainees were unlawfully held and were at risk of torture and other ill-treatment. Some are still held in secret detention. This report documents cases of unlawful detention and allegations of ill-treatment by Rwandan military intelligence in 2010 and 2011. Amnesty International is urging the government to end these practices, disclose the whereabouts of detainees, investigate torture allegations and bring those responsible to justice.

    October 04, 2012

    Conflict-related sexual violence against women and girls in Colombia has long been a largely hidden human rights tragedy. Amnesty International's 2011 report showed that members of all parties to the conflict have been responsible for these crimes, and almost all have evaded justice. Following that report, the authorities in Colombia made a number of commitments towards ending all forms of sexual violence and to bring those responsible for such crimes to justice. This report details what progress has been made over the past year and what still remains to be done.

    October 02, 2012

    ‘My generation and I have accepted to live in poverty, under repression and in difficult conditions in order to be able to raise our children, so why are the authorities killing them now?’ Mother of journalist Ahmed Mohamed Mohamed Abdelaziz, who was shot and injured by riot police in November 2011 while trying to film protests

    For decades Egypt’s police and other security forces, empowered under emergency legislation, persistently committed serious human rights violations and did so with almost total impunity. The police were responsible for arbitrary arrests and detention, systematic torture and other ill-treatment, enforced disappearances and deaths in custody in suspicious circumstances. They also curtailed freedoms of expression, association and assembly by enforcing tight restrictions on political and human rights activists, putting them under surveillance, and assaulting and detaining peaceful protesters.

    September 25, 2012

    Libya’s uprising and conflict cost many lives and caused tremendous suffering among the population, adding to the 42 years of repression and abuse under the rule of Colonel al-Gaddafi. However, nearly a year after the fall of Tripoli, when most of the country came under the control of forces loyal to the National Transitional Council, the much-needed human rights reform is stalled.

    Amnesty International calls on the General National Congress to:

    1. Rein in armed militias
    2. End arbitrary arrest and detention
    3. Combat torture or other ill-treatment
    4. Reform the judiciary and guarantee fair trials
    5. Reform security and law enforcement bodies
    6. End impugnity
    7. Guarantee freedoms of expression, association and assembly
    8. Ensure that displaced communities can go home
    9. Promote women's rights and end discrimination
    10. Combat racism, xenophobia and discrimination

    September 19, 2012

    Every day civilians are killed or injured in their homes, in the street, while running for cover or trying to shelter from the bombings. Hundreds have been killed or injured in recent weeks, many of them children, in indiscriminate attacks.

    August 28, 2012

    Vedanta Resources plc is a UK-registered mining company under growing national and international scrutiny due to allegations of human rights abuses associated with its activities. During 2011-12, the company developed a human rights and sustainability policy framework which it claims are aligned to international standards and best practices. This briefing highlights the gap remaining between Vedanta’s stated policy framework and its practices in Orissa. In it, Amnesty International repudiates Vedanta’s attempts at self-exoneration, and renews its recommendations to address persistent human rights concerns associated with the company’s operations.

    July 17, 2012

    Indigenous and campesino communities have taken to the streets in Ecuador to protest at the lack of consultation on proposed laws and policies which directly affect them. This report examines the response of Ecuadorian authorities to protests that took place in 2009 and 2010. Through individual cases, it demonstrates that Indigenous and campesino leaders have been subjected to unfounded investigations and judicial proceedings. This raises questions about whether there is a deliberate attempt by the state to discourage legitimate protest and silence claims by communities to the right to consultation.

    July 05, 2012

    The new Libyan authorities will face the difficult task of fixing a country left damaged and divided by four decades of repressive and arbitrary rule. The post-conflict period, which has been marked by lawlessness and human rights abuses, demonstrates how challenging it is to break a legacy of impunity, particularly in a country left with weak and mistrusted institutions. As this report shows, it is time to investigate and prosecute all war crimes, crimes against humanity and human rights violations, whether committed by al-Gaddafi forces or affiliates, or by anti-Gaddafi fighters and militias.

    July 03, 2012

    Human rights violations by Greek law enforcement officials include the use of excessive force against largely peaceful protesters and the ill-treatment of individuals during detention. The authorities consider such violence to be “isolated incidents”. However, the Greek authorities must acknowledge the extent of these violations and take measures to address the systemic problems which contribute to such abuses. Until these problems are tackled impunity will continue to prevail and the vicious circle of such abuses will not be broken.

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