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    June 14, 2012

    In the face of increasingly brutal repression against peaceful protesters calling for freedom and reforms since February 2011, the unrest has turned increasingly violent. The opposition inside the country now includes armed groups who have taken up arms against government forces. This report provides further evidence that deliberate and unlawful killings are part of a widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population, carried out in an organized manner and as part of state policy, and therefore amount to crimes against humanity.

    May 31, 2012

    Amnesty International’s response to the report by the UN Special Rapporteur on: The Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms while Countering Terrorism, Ben Emmerson, on the Human Rights of Victims of Terrorism

    Though there is not yet an internationally-agreed definition of terrorism, at the core of most understandings of the term are attacks that deliberately target civilians or fail to discriminate between civilians and others. Such attacks constitute grave abuses of human rights and are fundamentally incompatible with basic principles of humanity. They are also grave violations of national or international criminal law or both. In the context of an armed conflict, such acts constitute war crimes. When they are part of a widespread or systematic attack on a civilian population they can also constitute crimes against humanity.

    April 17, 2012

    In November 2011, the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) completed its investigation into human rights violations committed following the anti-government protests in February and March that year. However, scores of activists continue to be imprisoned and investigations into cases of police torture and killing of civilians have not been sufficiently thorough. This report documents these and other failures by the Bahraini authorities to fully implement BICI’s recommendations and commit themselves to getting accountability and justice for victims.

    April 12, 2012

    Members of the newly elected National Constituent Assembly (NCA) have a historic opportunity to write a new constitution for their country. The drafting of the Constitution should be a first step to mark Tunisia’s adherence to the rule of law and human rights. In this document Amnesty International makes a number of recommendations which include non-discrimination; freedoms of expression, assembly and movement; rights to life, privacy, liberty and fair trial; independence of the judiciary; protection from ill-treatment; an end to impunity; and economic, social and cultural rights.

     

    April 06, 2012

    The human rights situation in Yemen has deteriorated rapidly since early 2011. Protests across the country calling for President Ali Abdullah Saleh to stand down, fuelled by frustration at corruption, unemployment and the repression of freedoms, have been met by widespread and often brutal repression, Security forces have repeatedly used what appears to have been excessive force, killing scores of protesters and injuring hundreds. This report shows that the response of the authorities has been woefully inadequate.

    March 30, 2012

    In January 2012, the Yemeni authorities passed a law concerning the Granting of Immunity from Legal and Judicial Prosecution (hereafter “immunity law”). This analysis demonstrates the status of the Yemen’s immunity law under international law. It finds that, in effect, the immunity law constitutes an amnesty provision for former President Saleh and all officials who have worked under him during his official tenure. An amnesty for crimes under international law and grave human rights violations is inconsistent with Yemen’s obligations under international treaties and conventions, as well as customary international law.

    March 12, 2012

    A grim catalogue of torture has emerged from former detainees describing their treatment in Syria’s detention centres since the predominantly peaceful protests against President Bashar al-Assad’s government began in March 2011. This report reveals that all the various security forces are routinely torturing and ill-treating detainees held in the context of the protests and unrest, using methods of cruelty mostly used for decades. The torture carried out appears to be part of a widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population as part of Syrian government policy to crush dissent.

    February 23, 2012

    Amnesty International is submitting this briefing to the Human Rights Committee ahead of its examination of Yemen’s fifth periodic report on the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The document provides an overview of Amnesty International’s main ongoing human rights concerns in Yemen in relation to a number of questions on the Committee’s list of issues to be taken up in connection with its review of the state report in March 2012.

    January 09, 2012

    2011 was a year without precedent for the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa region. It was a year in which millions of people of all ages and backgrounds flooded on to the streets to demand change. Dubbed the “Arab Spring”, in fact the protests brought together in common cause people from many different communities. This report describes the events of this tumultuous year, one which saw much suffering and sadness but also spread hope within the region and beyond, to countries where other people face repression and everyday abuse of their human rights.

    December 16, 2011

    Guantánamo continues to be a location for indefinite military incarceration and occasional military commission trials. There are individuals still detained who should be brought to justice on charges of responsibility in relation to the 11 September 2001 attacks. Currently, however, those accused of involvement in the 9/11 attacks and other serious crimes face capital trial at Guantánamo before military commissions that do not meet international fair trial standards. Amnesty International urges the USA to close this detention facility and to adopt an approach to countering terrorism that incorporates full respect for its international human rights obligations.

    December 02, 2011

    During the tenth session, the Assembly will conduct elections of key officials. In addition, the Assembly will continue to build on important efforts to ensure cooperation with the ICC, to promote national justice (complementarity) and to ensure that the ICC achieves its important mandates in relation to victims and affected communities. In this paper, Amnesty International sets out a series of recommendations in relation to these and other issues for the Assembly’s consideration.

    November 28, 2011

    In this submission Amnesty International notes that the previous UPR of Tunisia failed to adequately address key human rights concerns. Few steps have been taken to translate into national law the obligations enshrined in the international treaties ratified by Tunisia. Despite the change in government, protesters have on several occasions been met with excessive force by security officers. Amnesty International also continues to receive reports of torture and other ill-treatment; the judiciary is still not fully independent and the legacy of decades of human rights abuses has yet to be addressed.

    November 22, 2011

    Less than a year after the "25 January Revolution", Egyptians' hopes for human rights reform are being crushed by the ruling military authorities, and popular demands for equality and social justice are being ignored. Since assuming power in February, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has repeatedly pledged to break the cycle of repression entrenched over the past 30 years. In reality, however, it has resorted to familiar patterns of abuse. This report documents how the rhetoric has obscured the increasing suppression of people who dare to defy, question or criticize Egypt's military rulers.

    October 31, 2011

    Egyptian women were instrumental in the “25 January Revolution” that overthrew the repressive regime of President Hosni Mubarak in early 2011. Yet the hopes raised for women’s rights have not been fulfilled – and women are still being largely excluded from taking part in shaping their country’s future. It is crucial that the experiences, needs and views of women are integral to the process of change. Action needs to be taken now to ensure that women participate freely and in large numbers in the parliamentary elections scheduled for November 2011.

    October 19, 2011

    Police and security forces in the Middle East and North Africa responded to the mass popular uprisings witnessed there after December 2010 with brutal repression. This crackdown by the authorities has involved the use of weaponry, munitions and related equipment imported from major arms-exporting nations. This report examines arms transfers to the region and explores some common principles that can be applied by states when authorizing arms transfers, and which should underpin the Treaty's framework.

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