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Reports

    October 13, 2011

    Militia fighting against Colonel Mu'ammar al-Gaddafi have detained about 2,500 people in the capital Tripoli and surrounding areas since taking control of these areas in late August 2011. Most have been held without legal orders and many have been beaten and otherwise ill-treated. The new Libyan authorities – the National Transitional Council (NTC) – have promised to respect international human rights law. In this report Amnesty International urges the NTC to investigate abuses by its supporters as well as by al-Gaddafi forces, and bring the perpetrators to justice.

    October 09, 2011

    The adoption of the International Convention on the Protection of all persons from Enforced Disappearance was a major step forward in ensuring that victims of enforced disappearance and their families obtain justice, truth and full reparation. This checklist provides useful guidance to states on how to implement, in law and practice, their obligations under the Convention and related international law and standards. It is also a useful tool for civil society participating in the drafting of legislation implementing the Convention.

    Photos: All photos © private unless otherwise indicated. Usama Fakhri Mustafa Bzur, Syria; Abdelkrim Aribi, Algeria; Sandya Eknaligoda, wife of disappeared journalist Prageth Eknaligoda with their two sons Sathyajith Sanjaya and Harith Sanajaya, Sri Lanka; Alaide Foppa, Guatemala; Bekim Bunjaku, Kosovo; Aster Fissehatsion, Eritrea; Alexis Etienne Diatta, Senegal; Aminat Dugaeva, Russian Federation; Jorge Julio lópez, Argentina; Gao Zhisheng, China © Hu Jia.

    October 03, 2011

    Many Syrians abroad have been vocally expressing their solidarity with the mass pro-reform protests which have rocked Syria since March. In this briefing, Amnesty International is documenting the cases of more than 30 Syrian activists living in eight countries in Europe and North and South America who say they have faced intimidation from embassy officials and others apparently because of their activities in solidarity with the pro-reform movement in Syria. The long reach of the feared Syrian mukhabaraat, or intelligence services, seems to be in evidence.

    September 13, 2011

    In mid-February 2011 Libyans called for a "Day of Rage" against the iron-fist rule of Colonel Mu'ammar al-Gaddafi, in power since 1969. The protests were met with lethal force. By early March the uprising had evolved into an armed conflict between forces loyal to Colonel al-Gaddafi and armed protesters coalesced into a loosely structured force led by the newly established National Transitional Council. This report documents serious and widespread human rights violations by al-Gaddafi forces and also abuses committed by the opposition.

    August 31, 2011

    Relentless repression has marked Syria since March 2011, as the government continues its efforts to stifle increasing numbers of pro-reform protests. Scores of people – believed to have been detained for their actual or suspected involvement in the protests – are reported to have died in custody. Some were children. However, the Syrian authorities have failed to carry out credible investigations into any of the cases or ensure accountability for the perpetrators. Amnesty International is calling on the UN Security Council to refer the situation in Syria immediately to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.

    July 15, 2011

    In this document Amnesty International reaffirms the importance of addressing the question of remedies and reparation for victims of gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law in a systematic and thorough way at the national and international levels. Amnesty International continues to rigorously advocate for the full realization by States of victims’ rights as set out in the existing and comprehensive legal frameworks.

    May 19, 2011

    During 18 extraordinary days in early 2011, millions of Egyptians rose up against police brutality, poverty and the relentless repression of their basic freedoms, and ended up ousting the President. Most of the protests were peaceful, yet the authorities' response was not. At least 840 people were killed and around 6,500 were injured. Thousands were detained and many allegedly tortured by the security forces or the army. This report describes why and how the "25 January revolution" unfolded, and the patterns of repression by security forces.

    March 01, 2011

    On 14 January 2011, following a month of spiralling anti-government protests across Tunisia, President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali secretly fled the country, ending 23 years of corrupt, complacent and repressive rule. This report documents many cases of protesters and bystanders killed and injured by the security forces, and includes many moving testimonies. It calls on the new government to fully investigate the abuses and provide an adequate remedy, including justice and reparation, to victims and their families.

    March 01, 2011

    Human rights law and standards requires that investigations and prosecutions of the crimes of rape and sexual violence must be undertaken with careful attention given to the task of
    challenging stereotypes, which tend to undermine women’s equality before the law. The integrity of investigations and prosecutions should not be tainted by stereotypical
    assumptions, including assumptions about sexual violence towards men and boys, as well as towards women and girls.

    All references to the term ‘consent’ within the Elements of Crimes must be interpreted consistently with a fuller, more accurate and human-rights based understanding of the word
    consent – that a consensual decision is a decision made without force, threat of force, coercion, or taking advantage of a coercive environment. Where evidence of force, threat of force or coercion is present, there should absolutely be no additional element of law of consent for the prosecution to prove.

    February 11, 2011

    Human rights have come under increasing pressure and rising tension between the government and its critics. Hundreds of people have been arrested or imprisoned for participating in protests. In August-September 2010, the authorities swooped on 23 opposition political activists, detaining them incommunicado for two weeks during which some allege they were tortured. Meanwhile, the authorities have curtailed freedom of expression, closing critical websites and banning opposition publications. Years of progress and achievement could be erased unless urgent measures are taken to reverse the downward trend.

    December 09, 2010

    This paper analyses the absence of immunity for heads of state before the International Criminal Court and discusses its consequences on the execution of the Court’s requests for surrender or assistance. In particular, it considers the legal framework of the recent refusal of states parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court to arrest and surrender President Omar Al Bashir of Sudan.

    October 05, 2010

    In this paper Amnesty International provides some additional information to that provided in the Secretary-General’s analytical report concerning 44 state reports, as well as information on legislation and practice in some states which have not submitted reports to the Secretary-General. In particular, the organization brings to the attention of states information compiled and analyzed in its September 2001 722-page global study of state practice concerning universal jurisdiction in approximately 125 states, its review of universal civil jurisdiction, a study of state practice concerning aut dedere aut judicare published in February 2009 and its recent steps to update the September 2001 global study in its No safe haven series on universal jurisdiction in each of the 192 UN member states. In addition, Amnesty International notes some of the extensive information available from intergovernmental organizations, international criminal courts and other international organizations that is not discussed in the Secretary-General’s analytical report.

    May 06, 2010

    All states that ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court commit themselves to co-operating fully with the Court and to investigating and prosecuting genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes before their national courts. This Updated checklist for effective implementation indicates both what states parties are required to do under the Rome statute and what Amnesty International recommends that they should do to ensure that the Court is an effective complement to national courts.

    March 17, 2010

    Twenty years ago, the United Nations Human Rights Committee ruled that Canada had violated the human rights of the Lubicon Cree, an Indigenous people in the province of Alberta. The ruling was based on evidence that Canada had failed to recognize and protect Lubicon rights to their lands and that intensive oil and gas development had devastated the Lubicon economy and way of life. Amnesty International is gravely concerned that 20 years later, the Lubicon Cree continue to suffer serious human rights violations.

    February 09, 2010

    Plans to mine bauxite and expand a refinery in Orissa, eastern India, have thrown the lives of local communities into turmoil. In April 2009, the Indian authorities approved a joint venture to mine bauxite in the Niyamgiri Hills for the next 25 years. This report demonstrates how local communities have been systematically denied information about the proposed mining and refinery expansion projects and have not been adequately consulted. Their rights to water, health and their way of life have been seriously compromised as a result.

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