Maldives: Arbitrary arrests following state of emergency
Image: Anti-government protesters call for the release of political prisoners on February 4. Picture: AP/Mohamed Sharuhaan Source:AP
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Five people have been arrested since the Government of Maldives declared a State of Emergency on 5 February 2018, following a recent Supreme Court decision to release and re-try imprisoned opposition leaders. This appears to be an act of repression by the government to silence political opposition.
Chief Justice Abdulla Saeed and Supreme Court Justice Ali Hameed were arrested early on 6 February 2018 when soldiers forced their way into the Supreme Court building. The two judges were part of the four-judge bench who ordered the immediate release and re-trial of nine opposition leaders, including former President Mohamed Nasheed. Early that same morning, police also arrested Head of Department of Judicial Administration (DJA) chief Hassan Saeed.
Former President of Maldives Maumoon Abdul Gayoom was arrested around midnight on 5 February at his residence in Malé, along with his son-in-law Mohamed Nadheem. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom’s daughter was quoted in media saying that the armed forces broke into the house and arrested him. He is currently being held in a detention centre on an island near Malé. The 80-year-old was president for 30 years until the 2008 elections.
The current political crisis was sparked by a surprise Supreme Court decision on 1 February 2018 that overturned the conviction of former President Mohamed Nasheed and ordered the release and re-trial of other members of the political opposition.
Instead of implementing the Supreme Court’s order, the Government of President Abdulla Yameen began arbitrarily detaining members of the political opposition. On 5 February 2018, President Yameen declared a State of Emergency, suspending several clauses of the constitution, including protections for the right to freedom of assembly, and suspending basic safeguards around the security forces’ powers to arrest, detain, seize and search property. President Yameen has justified the state of emergency by saying that the Supreme Court’s order would have disrupted “the system of checks and balances”.
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Major General Ahmed Shiyam
Chief of Defence Force
Maldives National Defence Force
Malé, Republic of Maldives
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His Excellency Ali Naseer Mohamed, Ambassador
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Maldives to the UN
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Ever since President Abdulla Yameen came to power in 2013, the Maldives has seen an unrelenting wave of repression. The most prominent victim has been former President Mohamed Nasheed, who was convicted in March 2015 to 13 years in prison on “terrorism” charges that flowed from a deeply flawed and politically-motivated trial. Nasheed is now in exile in Colombo, Sri Lanka, but other members of the political opposition are still languishing behind bars in the Indian Ocean island nation.
Political repression in the Maldives has gone little noticed in the international community. Drawing comfort from the fact that tourism has been unaffected, the government has proceeded to entrench itself by choking dissent, convicting members of the opposition in trials that are suspected to be politically-motivated and do not meet international standards.
In October 2016, stung by criticism of its human rights record, the Maldivian government said that it had decided to “leave” the Commonwealth. In March 2017, there was a crackdown on protests on one of the Maldives’ atolls ahead of a visit by Saudi Arabian King Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud. Against the backdrop of hostility towards journalists and activists, the horrific April 2017 killing of the popular blogger Yameen Rasheed was not effectively investigated and the perpetrators were not brought to justice.
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READ - Press release: Maldives: Opposition MP must get a fair trial
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