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Canada must take action to strengthen global efforts to end torture, say NGOs in open letter to Prime Minister Harper

    Prime Minister Stephen Harper speaks at the United Nations on September 25, 2014. JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images
    Prime Minister Stephen Harper speaks at the United Nations on September 25, 2014. JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images
    December 10, 2014

    Today on International Human Rights Day civil society groups have joined together in an open letter calling on Prime Minister Stephen Harper to put Canada back in the global effort to end torture and ill-treatment around the world.

    On the day that marks the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the UN Convention against Torture Canada should take the final step and ratify the instrument that establishes national and international systems for inspecting detention centres. In 2006 and 2009 Canada told the UN Human Rights Council that it would consider ratifying this Optional Protocol that was adopted by the UN in 2002.

    The organizations that signed the open letter are united in calling for Canada to take this step without delay. Under the systems established by the Optional Protocol, inspections can identify and expose conditions that permit and encourage torture to take place. It seeks to pierce the shroud of secrecy that allows torture to continue in the 141 countries where it has been documented by Amnesty International in the last five years.

    By signing on to the Optional Protocol Canada can again credibly and forcefully press other countries to follow suit. There are countries where torture is rampant and laws and institutions are inadequate to prevent torture and monitor detention facilities. Canada needs to be party to the Optional Protocol in order to push for this mechanism that has great promise for torture prevention. Canada cannot oppose torture if it is not party to a mechanism to prevent it from taking place.

    Detention centres in Canada would be subject to scrutiny and independent oversight to ensure that there are not occasional abuses at home including solitary confinement. But the major value to Canada of ratifying the Optional Protocol is to strengthen the ability to press other nations like China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Syria to ratify and open their detention centres to increased scrutiny.

    With the multicultural diversity of Canada many Canadians worry about the safety of their families and friends in countries where the risk of torture and ill-treatment is very high.

    Canada can only be part of the global effort to make the world safer for everyone by pushing for the inspection of detention centres under the Optional Protocol. It is a necessary means to prevent torture.

     

    For further information contact John Tackaberry, Media Relations
    (613)744-7667 #236 jtackaberry@amnesty.ca

    Open Letter

    The Right Honourable Stephen Harper
    Prime Minister of Canada
    80 Wellington Street
    Ottawa, Ontario  K1A 0A2

    10 December 2014

    Dear Prime Minister,

    We are a range of organizations across Canada from many different backgrounds, including faith groups, human rights organizations, legal groups, women’s equality organizations, ethno-cultural groups, trade unions and many more.  We are writing this Open Letter to you today – International Human Rights Day as well as the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the UN Convention against Torture and other forms of Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment – to urge that Canada take a long overdue step in addressing the continuing grim and harrowing crisis of torture around the world.  

    In December 2002, the United Nations adopted an important treaty focused on preventing torture, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture.  Twelve years later, Canada has not yet ratified the Optional Protocol, despite having made promises to the UN Human Rights Council in 2006 and 2009 to consider doing so.  We are calling on you to commit to take that step without any further delay.  It is time for Canada to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture.

    We are writing to you directly Prime Minister Harper because this involves a number of different government departments, including Foreign Affairs, Public Safety, Heritage and Justice.  As such, your leadership is required.  We are also writing to you directly because progress towards Canadian ratification has been stalled for a number of years.  Again your leadership is required. 

    The Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture establishes national and international systems for inspecting detention centres, all with an eye to identifying and exposing the conditions that permit and encourage torture to take place.  It seeks to pierce the shroud of secrecy that allows torture to continue at such alarming rates around the world.  Amnesty International has documented torture in 141 countries in the last five years.

    Seventy-six countries have ratified and thus legally bound themselves to the Optional Protocol since it was adopted by the UN in December 2002.  Another 19 have taken the symbolic but important first step of signing the Optional Protocol, for a total of 95 states.  The list includes many of Canada’s closest allies.  Six states have ratified in 2014, including two just last month.

    Once Canada becomes a party to the Optional Protocol we will be able to credibly and forcefully press other countries to follow suit – countries where torture is rampant and where there are inadequate or nonexistent laws and institutions for preventing torture and monitoring detention facilities. The international community urgently needs Canada to be party to the Optional Protocol to assist in the vital effort of more universally realizing its great promise of torture prevention.  Canada cannot play that role from the sidelines. 

    Ratification of the Optional Protocol will also strengthen oversight of detention centres in Canada in a manner that brings consistency across the country, ensuring greater coherence between detention centres that are operated by the federal government and those that are operated by provincial and territorial governments.  It will also bring scrutiny to detention centres that are currently not subject to independent oversight, such as immigration detention centres operated by the Canadian Border Services Agency.  Torture and ill-treatment are not rampant in Canadian detention centres and there are some complaint processes already in place.  Nevertheless, the improved oversight provided through the Optional Protocol will further strengthen efforts to guard against abuses that do occur. 

    We are writing to you with this urgent plea today, in particular because International Human Rights Day is a day that marks important advances in the development of international human rights laws.  It was on this day in 1948 that the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, launching the international human rights system.   Also on this day thirty years ago on 10 December 1984, the UN adopted the ground-breaking UN Convention against Torture and other forms of Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.  Canada was a strong champion of and played a key role in the adoption of the Convention against Torture.  

    Three decades later 156 countries have ratified the Convention and bound themselves to its comprehensive framework governing the absolute and unequivocal prohibition against torture.  Another ten states have taken the first step of signing the Convention.  But despite having support from 166 governments, torture continues to be widespread around the world.  That is why it is of such urgent importance for the Convention’s Optional Protocol, with its focus on torture prevention, to gain wider international support.  We are looking to Canada to play a lead role in that effort.

    Canada needs to ratify the Optional Protocol for the fundamentally important reason that preventing torture anywhere and everywhere, globally, is of concern to Canadians.  As the multicultural diversity of Canada continues to grow it is a particularly serious preoccupation for the increasing number of Canadians who worry about the safety of family and friends who live in other countries where the risk of torture and ill-treatment is very high.  

    Canada needs to ratify the Optional Protocol as well because in an increasingly inter-connected world, more and more Canadians have experienced or have been at serious risk of being tortured in a growing list of countries – countries without the oversight and monitoring that would help prevent torture in the first place.  That list includes China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Syria, none of which have yet signed or ratified the Optional Protocol.  Canadian ratification would strengthen our ability to press those countries to ratify and open their detention centres to increased scrutiny.  That would help to prevent torture and to keep Canadians safe. 

    Prime Minister, when your government stood for election to the UN Human Rights Council in 2006 you pledged to consider ratifying the Optional Protocol if elected.  Canada was elected and served a three year term but did not ratify.  When Canada’s human rights record was reviewed for the first time under the UN Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review process in 2009 your government again promised to consider ratifying the Optional Protocol, in response from recommendations to do so from many other governments.  Again that did not happen. 

    We were disappointed, therefore, that when Canada was reviewed for the second time under the Universal Periodic Review, in 2013, the government simply stated that there are no plans to ratify at this time, despite the fact that this was one of the most frequently repeated recommendations directed at Canada, often from close allies. 

    Prime Minister, your officials have done the work to lay the ground for Canada to ratify.  They have identified changes that might be needed to Canadian law, policy or practice.  None are daunting; all are feasible.  It is time to engage provincial and territorial governments in a discussion and bring them on board so that ratification can go ahead expeditiously.  It is about leadership.  It is about political will.  And as the world marks the 30th anniversary of the Convention against Torture against a tragic and disappointing backdrop of a continuing worldwide torture crisis; it is about stepping up and getting it done. 

    We look forward to news that Canada has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture before the 31st anniversary of the Convention comes around on 10 December 2015.  We urge you to commit to that goal.

    Sincerely,

    Alex Neve
    Secretary General
    Amnesty International Canada (English branch)

    Béatrice Vaugrante
    Directrice Générale
    Amnistie internationale Canada francophone

    Regional Chief Cameron Alexis and
    Regional Chief Morley Googoo
    Assembly of First Nations

    Pascal Paradis
    Directeur général
    Avocats sans frontières Canada

    Carmen Cheung
    Senior Counsel
    British Columbia Civil Liberties Association

    Carole Samdup
    Executive Director
    Canada Tibet Committee

    Leilani Farha
    Executive Director
    Canada without Poverty

    Kim Pate
    Executive Director - Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies (CAEFS)

    Mitchell Goldberg
    President
    Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers

    David Robinson
    Executive Director
    Canadian Association of University Teachers

    Mulugeta Abai
    Executive Director
    Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture

    Sukanya Pillay
    Executive Director and General Counsel
    Canadian Civil Liberties Association

    Julia Sánchez
    President-CEO
    Canadian Council for International Cooperation

    Loly Rico
    President
    Canadian Council for Refugees

    Lana Robinson
    Clerk
    Canadian Friends Service Committee (Quakers)

    Hassan Yussuff
    President
    Canadian Labour Congress

    Brittany Twiss
    Executive Director
    Canadian Lawyers Abroad

    Christine Jones
    Co-Chair
    Canadian Peace Alliance

    David Poopalapillai
    National Spokesperson
    Canadian Tamil Congress

    Joe Gunn
    Executive Director
    Citizens for Public Justice

    Rick Goldman
    Coordinator
    Committee to Aid Refugees

    Maude Barlow
    National Chairperson
    Council of Canadians

    Ian Hamilton
    Executive Director
    Equitas

    Alice Huynh
    Chair
    Falun Gong Human Rights Working Group

    Joanna Kerr
    Executive Director
    Greenpeace Canada

    Roy Culpeper
    Chair
    Group of 78

    Sarah Hipworth
    Organizer
    Hamilton Coalition to Stop the War

    Jasmine Herlt
    Director
    Human Rights Watch Canada

    Roch Tassé
    National Coordinator
    International Civil Liberties Monitoring Group

    Kevin Malseed
    Program Manager
    Inter Pares

    Jennifer Henry
    Executive Director
    KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives

    Steven Sagle
    Chair
    Law Union of Ontario

    Betty Plewes
    Coordinator
    The McLeod Group

    Ihsaan Gardee
    Executive Director
    National Council of Canadian Muslims

    James Clancy
    National President
    National Union of Public and General Employees

    Claudette Dumont-Smith
    Executive Director
    Native Women’s Association of Canada

    Katrina Pacey
    Executive Director
    Pivot Legal Society

    Peggy Mason
    President
    Rideau Institute on International Affairs.

    Sr. Veronica O’Reilly csj
    Congregational Leader
    Congregation of the Sisters of
    St. Joseph in Canada

    Debbie Hill-Corrigan
    Executive Director
    Sojourn House

    Urgyen Badheytsang
    National Director
    Students for a Free Tibet Canada

    Jerry Dias
    National President
    Unifor

    Kate White
    President & CEO
    United Nations Association in Canada

    Patti Talbot
    Acting Executive Minister
    Church in Mission Unit
    The United Church of Canada

    Fannie Lafontaine et Julia Grignon
    Co-directrices, Clinique de droit international pénal et humanitaire
    Université Laval

    Professor John Packer
    Director, Human Rights Research and
    Education Centre
    University of Ottawa

    Renu J. Mandhane
    Director, International Human Rights Program
    University of Toronto Faculty of Law

    Kayum Masimov
    President
    Uyghur Canadian Society

    Kasari Govender
    Executive Director
    West Coast LEAF

    Diane O’Reggio
    Executive Director
    Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF)

    Hon. Warren Allmand
    President
    World Federalist Movement - Canada

     

     

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