Teodora is free after 10 years behind bars
Finally! Teodora has been released after a court reduced her sentence. She was forced to spend a decade behind bars in El Salvador after having pregnancy-related complications resulting in stillbirth.
Teodora del Carmen Vásquez suffered a stillbirth in 2007, after the rapid onset of serious pain while she was at work. Police arrested her as she lay in a pool of blood. She was later sentenced to 30 years for ‘aggravated homicide’ in a trial full of irregularities under El Salvador’s total ban on abortion.
Amnesty International has been campaigning for years to overturn the total ban on abortion in all circumstances in El Salvador. Teodora's release is yet another step towards justice where the total ban on abortion has led to at least 27 other women to be incarcerated.
“It’s encouraging to see Teodora stepping out of jail, where she should have never been in the first place, but El Salvador is still far from fully ensuring the rights of women and girls in the country,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International.
“Authorities in El Salvador must urgently repeal this outrageous abortion ban which has created a pervasive context of discrimination, pain and injustice.”
Thousands of Amnesty supporters have taken action to try and overturn the total abortion ban in El Salvador, to make sure that no more women are imprisoned, and those in prison on pregnancy-related convictions are released.
Thank you to all of those who took action by sending solidarity messages and writing letters on Teodora's behalf during Write for Rights 2015!
— AmnestyCanada (@AmnestyNow) February 15, 2018
In El Salvador, women who suffer pregnancy-related complications resulting in miscarriages and stillbirths are routinely suspected of having an abortion, which is banned in all circumstances. Prosecutors often charge them with ‘homicide’ or even ‘aggravated homicide’, which carries a penalty of up 50 years in prison.
El Salvador’s Ministry of Justice eventually commuted Teodora’s sentence but did not overturn the conviction or recognize her innocence. Her lawyers intend to clear her name and seek compensation and redress for the 10 years that she spent behind bars.
At least 27 other women are still incarcerated under El Salvador’s draconian abortion law. Those punished are disproportionately from impoverished backgrounds, with little access to education, health care or justice. In the 2014 report, “On the brink of death”, Amnesty International also found that in the cases documented the right to a fair trial and equality before the law were violated.
Amnesty International continues to call for an immediate moratorium on the enforcement of the abortion law, as recommended by the UN Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 3 March 2017, with the objective of achieving the full decriminalization of abortion; the immediate and unconditional release of all those imprisoned on charges related to pregnancy complications; and for women to be guaranteed safe and legal access to abortion, at a minimum, when their life or their physical or mental health is at risk or in cases of rape, incest or severe and fatal foetal impairment.
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