Why Ireland's emigrants are coming home to fight for safe abortion
Ahead of Ireland's historic referendum on abortion, the #hometovote hashtag has unleashed a wave of solidarity and inspired Irish voters from Nairobi to Toronto to return home and campaign for a woman's right to decide.
When the Irish government finally announced there would be a referendum on repealing its near-total ban on abortion, Ause Abdelhaq, a young Irish expat living in Nairobi, Kenya, was thrilled.
No one under the age of 53 has had the chance to vote to make abortion more accessible in Ireland. The significance of what is being billed as a once-in-a-generation opportunity was clearly not lost on young Irish voters like Ause.
“I'm pretty sure most of East Africa knows how much it means to me at this point, because I went around yelling at everyone "Look at what my little island is doing it's going to be great!",” says Ause, who, like many Irish graduates of his generation, chose to travel abroad to seek work and life experience.
"I'm pretty sure most of East Africa knows how much it means to me at this point, because I went around yelling at everyone "Look at what my little island is doing it's going to be great!"
On 25 May, voters across Ireland will be asked to respond yes or no to repealing article 40.3.3 in its constitution. Since 1983, this clause – commonly known as the Eighth Amendment – has made abortion illegal in nearly all circumstances, denying women basic bodily autonomy and violating their human rights, including their right to health care.
“I don’t think there can any debate about bodily autonomy, it’s a fundamental human right. Even if I wasn’t a feminist, I would believe that,” says Ause.
However his excitement was tinged with disappointment. Under Irish election laws, citizens living abroad who are still eligible to vote must return to Ireland to cast their ballot. Thanks to support from social media groups set up by Irish diaspora, he was able to raise the money needed through an online crowdfunding campaign.
“For voters, casting a ‘yes’ vote to repeal the Eighth Amendment is making a statement about the people we are and the society we aspire to be—one where all who become pregnant are treated with dignity, compassion, respect and equality,” says Sorcha Tunney who coordinates the It’s Time Vote Yes campaign for Amnesty International Ireland.
But for the estimated 40,000 Irish citizens living abroad who are thought to be eligible to vote, the process won’t necessarily be easy. Like Ause, each of them will need to find the time and money to travel back, as well as check that they are already registered to ensure they have a chance to take part in this historic referendum.
"There is a lot of confusion about who can vote. We wanted to make sure that the 40,000 eligible voters are aware of their voting rights and urge them to come back."
It’s these challenges that motivated London-Irish Abortion Rights Campaign (ARC), a grassroots campaign group formed of Irish expats, to set up the “Home to Vote” website and revive the #hometovote hashtag. Last used in the marriage equality referendum in 2015, Irish people living abroad are being encouraged to share their stories on social media of coming home to vote in this referendum.
“There is a lot of confusion about who can vote. We wanted to make sure that the 40,000 eligible voters are aware of their voting rights and urge them to come back. If this referendum fails, it’s likely we won’t have another vote on this issue for 20 to 30 years. That means limited reproductive rights for another generation of Irish women,” says Hannah Little, a fundraising and marketing officer at women’s rights charity Womankind Worldwide and one of the founding campaigners of the group.
“Judging by the numbers online, we expect even more people will return home to vote than in the equal marriage referendum.”
"I grew up in Dublin, and now that I live in London I make that trip back frequently. I think about being on that plane for different reasons and how awful that would be."
While she is not eligible to vote, Orlaith Delargy, a Dubliner who now works for an environmental NGO in London, credits groups like the London-Irish ARC for making it easy to support the campaign and for “providing a lifeline for people like me who are frustrated, but can’t participate directly.”
She still plans to return home to Dublin ahead of the referendum to help with final canvassing efforts. The symbolism of making the journey from the UK to Ireland to campaign for abortion rights is not lost on her, given that every year an estimated 3,500 pregnant people are forced to travel to access abortion services in England and the Netherlands.
“I grew up in Dublin, and now that I live in London I make that trip back frequently. I think about being on that plane for different reasons and how awful that would be,” says Orlaith.
But travelling for an abortion is not an option available to everyone. The estimated average cost of travelling to the UK for a first trimester abortion is at least €1,000, including clinic fees, flights and accommodation.
"It’s really atrocious that this day and age, women in Ireland are being forced to travel to access safe abortion services."
Emma Jayne Geraghty
“The cost of my travel home from Toronto to vote for a woman’s right to choose is less than what I paid for when I was forced to travel to the UK to access an abortion,” says Emma Jayne Geraghty, a digital activism coordinator with Amnesty International Canada, who hails from the town of Celbridge.
She says the referendum is an opportunity for Ireland to acknowledge that the current law is harmful to women and girls, and that it can have particularly dangerous consequences for those without the resources or means to seek the healthcare they need abroad.
“It’s really atrocious that in this day and age, women in Ireland are being forced to travel to access safe abortion services. And those who can’t travel are having to deal with it in unsafe ways,” warns Emma. “We have to protect women and girls and provide them with access to safe and compassionate reproductive healthcare.”
"I could easily say I don’t live there anymore, it doesn’t affect me. But there are people I love who are affected by it."
Like Emma, Tessa Morgenroth, a young professional from Galway now working in Hamburg, Germany, says it’s important for her to come home to vote yes to ensure all women and girls in Ireland have their rights.
“I could easily say I don’t live there anymore, it doesn’t affect me. But there are people I love who are affected by it,” says Tessa.
Unable to afford her airfare back, Tessa turned to social media and set up a crowdfunding page to ask for help.
“The generosity of the people behind these campaigns - the time, emotion, and money donated to such a cause - is beyond admirable,” says Tessa, who will be flying back to Galway on the eve of the vote thanks to the generosity of other Irish expats who funded her flight.
“Irish people living abroad are still so emotionally invested in this issue. They are willing to do anything to get people home to vote, because they understand that abortion is not a ‘want’, it is a need and a right that Irish women deserve to have.”
With just days to go until the referendum, the outcome is far from certain. Ause says he is not taking any chances.
“It’s the fear of losing, that’s what motivated me to go back. I’m not just going home because I want to be part of the campaign – the reason I am going is because my vote will actually matter. We will have a significant impact.”
KEY FACTS ABOUT ABORTION IN IRELAND
3,500: The number of pregnant people who go to England or the Netherlands annually for abortion services
53: No one under this age has had a chance to vote on access to abortion in Ireland
€1,000: The estimated minimum cost of travelling to the UK for a first trimester abortion