China: Free Uyghur activist's 30 relatives
Rebiya Kadeer holds a copy of the Urgent Action that Amnesty International issued in 1999 to protect her human rights. ©Stefan Anderegg
Up to 30 relatives of Uyghur human rights activist Rebiya Kadeer have been detained for nearly two years in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) without trial. The exact date that they were taken away remains unclear, however it is presumed they are being arbitrarily detained at a political re-education camp and are at risk of torture or other ill-treatment. Among those detained are Kadeer’s sisters, brothers, sons, grandchildren and extended relatives who have for many years been targeted by the Chinese authorities to try silence Rebiya Kadeer.
Rebiya Kadeer is a Uyghur human rights defender and former prisoner of conscience who currently lives in the United States. Formerly a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Rebiya Kadeer was detained in 1999. She was sentenced to eight years in prison for “stealing state secrets”. Rebiya Kadeer is one of the best-known Uyghur human rights advocates and is a leader at the World Uyghur Congress.
Rebiya Kadeer’s son, Ablikim Abdiriyim, is one of those thought to be detained. A former prisoner of conscience, he previously served 12 years in prison where he was repeatedly tortured. It is believed he was sentenced in retaliation to his mother’s human rights advocacy.
Among the other family members who are believed to be detained are Kadeer's eldest son Kahar Abdiriyim, Kahar's wife Ayugul, Kahar's daughter Aydidar, Kahar's son Zulpikar, Kahar's daughter Dildar, Kadeer's youngest son Alim Abdiriyim, Kadeer's sister Xelchem, Atikem and her son-in-law, Xelchem's son Imam, Kadeer's brother Ahmetjan and Kadeer's brother Gheni.
All the family members are presumed to be currently held at one of the many detention facilities that were established across the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang). Referred to as “counter extremism centres”, “political study centres”, or “transformation-through-education centres”, these facilities are known to arbitrarily detain Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities for indefinite periods. They are forced to study Chinese laws and policies. Many are targeted because they may have been found praying, owning religious books, have travelled abroad, or have family members living abroad.
Please send a fax, email or letter to the president.
- Start with Dear President Xi and a sentence about yourself to make your message unique.
- Urge him to release Rebiya Kadeer’s family members (please name some) unconditionally and immediately unless there is enough credible and admissible evidence that they have committed an internationally recognized offence. If that is the case, they must be granted a fair trial in line with international standards.
- Seek assurances that, until they are free, members of Rebiya Kadeer’s family have regular, unrestricted access to family and lawyers of their choice, and are not subjected to torture and other ill-treatment.
President of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping
Xichengqu, Beijing Shi 100017
People’s Republic of China
Fax: 011 86 10 6238 1025
Ms. Mingjian Chen
Chargé d'Affaires, Embassy of the People's Republic of China
515 St. Patrick Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 5H3
Fax: 613 789 1911
Phone: 613 789 3434 or 613 762 3769
Rebiya Kadeer's family have been targeted by the authorities ever since she was first detained as a prisoner of conscience in 1999. Intensifying after she was released on medical parole on 17 March 2005, she left China for the USA. Rebiya Kadeer claims to have been warned that if she engaged with members of the Uyghur ethnic community or spoke publicly about "sensitive issues", her "businesses and children would be finished".
On 1 June 2006, Alim and Ablikim Abdiriyim were beaten by police in front of their children and in front of their sister, Rushangul, who was then handed a mobile phone and told to call Rebiya Kadeer in the USA and tell her what was happening. On 27 November 2006, the day after Rebiya Kadeer was elected president of the World Uyghur Congress (WUC), a court sentenced two of her sons, Alim Abdiriyim and Kahar Abdiriyim, to fines amounting to millions of US dollars, and Alim to seven years’ imprisonment on charges of tax evasion. In addition, at the beginning of April, the Chinese authorities reportedly began a process to assess and liquidate the Kadeer family businesses.
Ablikim Abdiriyim, son of Rebiya Kadeer, was detained in June of 2006, and sentenced in April 2007 in an unfair trial during which he lacked legal representation of his choice. He was repeatedly tortured while in prison and was released in May 2015.
Rebiya Kadeer has been campaigning for the release of her relatives but there is still no further information about them. She is calling on the US Congress and the US government to raise her relatives’ cases with the Chinese government.
Uyghurs are a mainly Muslim ethnic minority who are concentrated primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) in China. Since the 1980s, the Uyghurs have been the target of systematic and extensive human rights violations. This includes arbitrary detention and imprisonment, incommunicado detention, and restrictions on religious freedom as well as cultural and social rights. Local authorities maintain tight control over religious practice, including prohibiting all government employees and children under the age of 18 from worshiping at mosques. Chinese government policies limit the use of the Uyghur language, impose severe restrictions on freedom of religion and encourage sustained influx of Han migrants into the region.
In March 2017, the Xinjiang government enacted the “De-extremification Regulation” that identifies and prohibits a wide range of behaviours labelled “extremist”, such as “spreading extremist thought”, denigrating or refusing to watch public radio and TV programs, wearing burkas, having an “abnormal” beard, resisting national policies, and publishing, downloading, storing, or reading articles, publications, or audio-visual materials containing “extremist content”. The regulation also set up a “responsibility system” for government cadres for “anti-extremism” work and established annual reviews of their performance.
The Chinese authorities had denied the existence of “transformation through-education” facilities until October 2018. When acknowledging the camps, they described them as voluntary, free “vocational training” centres. They claim that the objective of this vocational training is to provide the people with technical and vocational education to enable them to find jobs and become “useful” citizens. China’s explanation, however, contradicts the reports of beatings, food deprivation and solitary confinement we have collected from former detainees.
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