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Colombia: Killings of land claimant leaders

    Tuesday, December 12, 2017 - 10:31
    Picture of Colombian man with quote from Amnesty International Americas Director - "Another murder of a leader with protection measures from the National Protection Unit demonstrates the urgent need to rethink the Colombian state's protection system,"

    Download UA 268/17 Colombia

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    Two land claimant leaders of collective Afro-descendent territories in Curvaradó, Jiguamiandó, Piedeguita and Mancilla in Chocó have been killed by paramilitary groups belonging to the Gaitanistas Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia, AGC). The inhabitants of these humanitarian zones and areas of biodiversity feel threatened.

    On 9 December, the human rights NGO Inter-Church Justice and Peace Commission (Comisión Intereclesial de Justicia y Paz, CIJP) reported the killing of Hernán Bedoya. He is a land claimant leader of the collective territory of Pedeguita Mancilla who had been reporting illegal associations, fraudulent contracts and the presence of paramilitary groups in the region. AGC paramilitaries killed him at around 1.15pm by shooting him 14 times in the village of Playa Roja, in a place known as El Acopio.

    On 26 November, Mario Castaño Bravo, a land claimant leader from Curvaradó, was killed on his own farm, in the Florida area in La Larga Tumaradó territory. Unknown individuals entered his home and shot him repeatedly. Mario Castaño Bravo was overseeing the drafting of a collective reparation proposal which included acknowledgment of the communities as legitimate owners of the collective land and limiting company operations without consultation which threaten the life, land and dignity of the inhabitants.

    Both leaders had been granted protection measures by the National Protection Unit (Unidad Nacional de Protección, UNP), which consisted only of bulletproof vests and cell phones. This is proof of the ineffectiveness of the protection measures granted by the Colombian government and National Protection Unit.

    According to the Justice and Peace Commission, which has been supporting collective processes in this area of the department of Chocó, these killings were an attempt to destabilize the collective land claim processes in the 13 humanitarian zones and biodiversity areas established to safeguard the return and reparation processes for families who were displaced in the 1990s. The inhabitants of this area fear the repetition of this situation. The humanitarian zones and biodiversity areas have been granted protection measures by the Constitutional Court of Colombia and five of their leaders have been granted precautionary measures by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). However they, along with many others, continue to be threatened by the activities of the AGC in the area.

    Please send a letter, email, tweet or fax without delay.

    * Start with a sentence about yourself to make your message unique.

    * Call for an immediate and impartial investigation to be carried out into the killings of the two leaders. Insist that the results are made public and that those responsible are brought to justice.

    * Ask the authorities to ensure respect for the boundaries of the humanitarian zones, to guarantee the safety of their members and to increase the presence of state security forces.

    * Urge the authorities to take immediate action to dismantle paramilitary groups, in accordance with the government’s express commitments and with recommendations made by international bodies.


    Address you appeals to:        

    President of Colombia

    Juan Manuel Santos  

    Palacio de Nariño, Carrera 8 No.7-26

    Bogotá, Colombia


    Salutation:     Dear President


    Director of the National Protection Unit

    Diego Fernando Mora

    Calle 63 N. 14-97

    Bogotá D. C., Colombia


    Salutation:      Dear Director


    Please send a copy to:

    His Excellency Nicolás Lloreda Ricaurte

    Ambassador for Colombia

    360 Albert Street, Suite 1002


    Ontario K1R

    Fax:                 1 (613) 230-4416



    The Honourable Chrystia Freeland

    Minister of Foreign Affairs

    111 Wellington Street

    Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0A6

    Postage:          None required

    Fax:                 1(613) 996-9607



    Inter-Church Justice and Peace Commission

    Carrera 37A Núm. 25B-42

    Bogotá D. C., Colombia

    Fax:                011 57 1 268 7179

    Additional Information:

    The Inter-Church Justice and Peace Commission (Comisión Intereclesial de Justicia y Paz, CIJP)  works together with Indigenous and Afro-descendent communities living in the Curvaradó and Jiguamiandó river basins in the process to reclaim their territory. In these zones, paramilitaries have occupied the land of some Indigenous and Afro-descendent communities since 2005.

    In recent years, many of the people who fled their land after being violently displaced by the paramilitary and security forces at the end of the 1990s have returned to the Curvaradó and Jiguamiandó river basin communities. The communities have attempted to defend their right to the land and to stop the expansion of illegal African palm plantations and other economic activity in their territory. As a result, many members of the communities have been threatened or murdered. Despite repeated orders from the Constitutional Court, the land has not been returned to the communities.

    In April 2006 the first of many different “Humanitarian Zones” was established. These are clearly marked zones whose inhabitants request that the parties to the conflict respect their decision not to participate in the conflict. They represent a means of protection, and also send the message to the parties to the conflict that their rights as civilians should be respected, demanding the right of the civilian population not to be involved in the conflict.

    Since 2015 there have been reports of paramilitary groups making incursions into humanitarian zones and areas of biodiversity in the municipality of Riosucio, stirring up fear among the inhabitants and threatening the leaders of the communities. The office of the Ombudsman has repeatedly issued warnings on the vulnerability of the communities in this area and the risk of further collective displacements. Despite these warnings, the state response has still not been comprehensive nor timely and the residents feel threatened by paramilitary groups.

    Take your activism further!

    TAKE ACTION - Leader of peace community in Colombia threatened - write a letter!

    TAKE ACTION - Tell Colombia to guarantee the rights to life, integrity and security of Indigenous and Afro-descendent peoples in at-risk areas in Chocó due to the presence of armed groups.

    LEARN - more about Amnesty's work on Colombia

    LIKE - Amnesty Canada's facebook page on human rights in Colombia - stay updated!

    READ - Blog: Far from the headlines, a moving anniversary in Colombia is inspiring activists in Canada


    If you wish to receive updates on this case, email In the subject line, write “Keep me updated on UA 268/17 "Colombia".


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