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Hong Kong: Nine Umbrella Movement leaders convicted

    Tuesday, April 9, 2019 - 10:44

    The nine Umbrella Movement members © Rainbow Ng


    On 9 April 2019, nine leaders of the 2014 Hong Kong pro-democracy protests were convicted of vague and ambiguous charges, including “conspiracy to commit public nuisance”, “incitement to commit public nuisance” and “incitement to incite public nuisance”. They could face up to seven years in prison and the judge will announce the sentencing on 24 April. 

    The nine were convicted solely on the basis of their peaceful participation in the Umbrella Movement protests. They indicated that they will appeal in order to prevent the government from referring to the conviction to prosecute other activists or further deter peaceful protests advocating dissenting views. The conviction of these nine prominent figures of the Umbrella Movement is likely to have a chilling effect on freedom of peaceful assembly and expression in Hong Kong.

    Among the nine activists are the co-founders of the “Occupy Central” campaign – legal scholar Professor Benny Tai Yiu-ting, sociology Professor Chan Kin-man and retired pastor Reverend Chu Yiu-ming, student leaders Tommy Cheung Sau-yin and Eason Chung Yiu-wa, lawmakers Tanya Chan and Shiu Ka-chun, and political party leaders Raphael Wong Ho-ming and Lee Wing-tat. 

    Please send a fax, email or letter to the Secretary for Justice.

    • Start with Dear Secretary Cheng and a sentence about yourself to make your message unique.
    • Urge her to stop the politically motivated prosecution against the nine Umbrella Movement leaders and other peaceful protesters because it is aimed at deterring participation in peaceful assembly and silencing critical voices. 

    Write to

    The Hon. Teresa Cheng
    Secretary for Justice
    Government of the Hong Kong SAR
    5th Floor, Main Wing, Justice Place
    18 Lower Albert Road, Central,
    Hong Kong 
    Fax:         011 852 3918 4119
    Postage:    $2.65

    Additional information

    Benny Tai Yiu-ting, Chan Kin-man and Chu Yiu-ming co-founded the "Occupy Central” campaign in 2013. The campaign advocated for the democratic election of the city’s head of government and was intended to be a civil disobedience action to block roads in the Central District of Hong Kong. It became part of the large-scale pro-democracy Umbrella Movement protests, which were carried out in an overwhelmingly peaceful manner over 79 days between September and December 2014.

    For the other six activists convicted, most of the charges relate to their peaceful participation in the Umbrella Movement protests, namely, directing protesters to different streets outside the government headquarters and urging others, through loudspeakers, phone calls and text messages, to join the protests.

    The Hong Kong government has arrested and prosecuted many peaceful protesters since the Umbrella Movement, usually on vague charges related to “unlawful assembly”, “unauthorized assembly” and “public disorder”. These charges are based on the Public Order Ordinance, the provisions and application of which have been repeatedly criticized by the UN Human Rights Committee for failing to fully meet international human rights law and standards on the right of peaceful assembly.

    By the end of the protests, the government had arrested 955 people who had taken part in the Umbrella Movement protests over the course of the 79 days and another 48 after the protests had ended. Many were soon released, but police notified them that criminal investigations were still ongoing and that they would be re-arrested and charged should there be sufficient evidence to prosecute them. A pattern of long intervals between initial arrests and the decision to prosecute has meant that only a small proportion of the protesters who were arrested have faced trial.

    In July 2016, three student leaders were convicted after climbing into “Civic Square” during the protest of 26 September 2014. Joshua Wong and Alex Chow were found guilty of “taking part in an unlawful assembly” and Nathan Law of “inciting others to take part in an unlawful assembly”. The court originally ordered non-custodial sentences against them, but prosecutors appealed to seek harsher penalties. In August 2017, the three student leaders were handed jail terms of six to eight months and were imprisoned before being released on bail in October and November 2017 pending an appeal. On February 2018, the Court of Final Appeal overturned the jail sentences.

    By continuing to prosecute prominent figures of the Umbrella Movement protests after undue delays, hundreds of other protesters are left uncertain if the government is planning to pursue charges against them as well. This uncertainty, together with the use of vague and ambiguous charges and harsh sentences, is having a chilling effect on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and expression in Hong Kong. 

    If you wish to receive updates on this case, email In the subject line, write “Keep me updated on UA 191 Hong Kong”.