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Thailand: Local activists may face criminal charges for opposing coal power plant

    Wednesday, December 6, 2017 - 13:23
    Coal power plant protestors

    Photo - via People, Twitter

    Dowload PDF of UA 260/17 Thailand

    PDF icon260 Thailand.pdf

    Authorities arrested 16 individuals during a march to deliver a petition to the prime minister. The petition requested the shelving of plans for a coal-fired power plant. The individuals may face criminal charges.

    On 24 November villagers, local leaders and environmental activists began a march from the location of a proposed coal-burning power plant in Thepha district, Songkhla province to the site of a meeting of Thailand’s cabinet in Muang district, Songkhla province. The group intended to deliver a petition to Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha to oppose the construction of the power plant. According to government officials, authorities had arranged for the group to meet with another official from the prime minister’s office, but the group persisted in their attempt to deliver the letter to the prime minister himself. 

    On the afternoon of 27 November, police and military personnel in riot gear blocked the progress of the group, then numbering about 100, on a road as they neared the venue of the Cabinet meeting. A scuffle subsequently broke out between the security forces and protesters. Both police and protesters reported minor injuries.

    The police arrested 16 protesters, and took them to the police station in Muang district. These individuals were subsequently charged for offenses relating to the obstruction of a public roadway and the use of violence against police officers.

    On 28 November, Songkhla Provincial Court set bail for 15 individuals at 90,000 baht (US$ 2,800) and remanded them into police custody. The other individual, a 16-year-old youth, was released on bail at 5,000 baht (US$ 150) on the same day. On 29 November, the other 15 individuals were released after university lecturers offered to serve as guarantors for the detainees. On 30 November police officials stated that they were preparing arrest warrants for a further 20 individuals who had participated in the march. It is possible that additional arrest warrants may be issued in the coming weeks.

    Please send a letter, email and/or fax without delay.

    * Start with a sentence about yourself to make your message unique.

    * Ask the authorities to drop all charges against activists involved in the 27 November march that stem from the peaceful exercise of their human rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.

    * Call on the government to publicly affirm the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly and take steps to ensure the physical safety and security of individuals seeking to exercise these rights.


    Address your messages to:

    Prayut Chan-O-Cha

    Government House

    Phitsanulok road

    Bangkok 10300, Thailand

    Fax:                011 66 2282 5131


    Salutation:      Dear Prime Minister


    Commander General of Royal Thai Police

    Pol. Gen Chakthip Chaijinda

    Royal Thai Police Headquarters

    Rama 1 Road

    Pathum Wan

    Bangkok 10330, Thailand

    Fax:                011 66 2251 4739

    Salutation:      Dear Commissioner General


    Please send a copy to

    His Excellency Vijavat Isarabhakdi

    Ambassador, The Royal Thai Embassy

    180 Island Park Drive

    Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 0A2

    Fax:                1 (613) 722-6624



    Minister of Justice

    Prajin Jantong

    Ministry of Justice

    Government Centre Building A

    120 Moo 3, Chaengwattana Road

    Bangkok 10210, Thailand

    Fax:                011 66 2953 0503

    Salutation:      Dear Minister

    Additional Information

    Plans by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand -- a state enterprise under the Ministry of Energy -- to build coal-burning power plants in Songkhla and other southern provinces have been opposed by communities and environmental activists concerned about potential negative impacts on health, livelihoods and the environment. Local residents and activists opposed to the construction of the plant in Thepha district, Songkhla province have reported having had limited access to government officials and being prevented by the army from attending public hearings on the project. In July 2015, military personnel prevented groups opposing the project from gathering outside the public hearings. An environmental and health impact study of the plant has been completed and is scheduled to be examined by relevant authorities, including the National Environment Board.

    In the days following the arrests in Songkhla province, members of the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights called for the detainees to be released and all charges against them to be dropped.

    Since coming to power in a military coup in May 2014, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) has severely restricted the right to freedom of assembly. Among other actions, the NCPO has strictly enforced a ban on “political gatherings” of five or more persons and has passed a restrictive Public Assembly Act. Authorities declared the march in Songkhla province to be illegal per the terms of the Public Assembly Act after declining to give permission to the march organizers.

    Opponents of large-scale coal-fired power projects are concerned that executive orders issued by the ruling military government may facilitate the construction of such projects without adequate consultation of local communities. The Prime Minister has used sweeping powers under Article 44 of interim constitution to issue Head of NCPO Order 4/2016 and 9/2016, which exempt development projects from urban planning and environmental regulations, and to amend environmental laws to bypass scrutiny of certain activities.

    Community activists opposing infrastructural and development projects in Thailand have faced threats, violence and judicial harassment, including criminal defamation proceedings, as a result of their activism.

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