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Israel and Occupied Palestinian Territories

    “The civilian populations of both Israel and Gaza have experienced far too much tragedy, unnecessary bloodshed and loss of life in recent years, with no accountability. Both sides have an abysmal track record of violating international human rights and humanitarian law during armed conflict.”
    - Philip Luther, Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty’s International Secretariat in London, England.

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been raging on and off for decades. The past six years have seen three major conflicts between Israel and armed groups in the Gaza Strip. Civilians on both sides continue to bear the brunt of the enduring violence. Both parties to the conflict have committed violations of human rights and international humanitarian law against civilians; and no one has been held to account.


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    Over the course of 50 days of hostilities, in the summer of 2014,  the Israeli military directly targetted civilians and residential areas inside Gaza.  More than 2,000 civilians were killed, including more than 500 children. Gazan homes, businesses and infrastructure were destroyed, leaving thousands without shelter, water or medical care.

    During this same time Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups fired thousands of unguided rockets and mortars towards Israel, in many cases directing them towards Israeli civilians and civilian objects. These attacks killed six civilians in Israel, wounded others, and damaged civilian property.

    After 20 years of failed peace process, it’s time to put an end to the violence.

    Amnesty International is urging both sides to co-operate with independent, international investigations into the crimes committed during the summer of 2014.

    We want to see the Palestinian authorities:

    • Denounce attacks on civilians

    • Ensure Hamas and other armed groups comply fully with international law

    • Cooperate with the International Criminal Court (ICC)

    Israel must allow Amnesty and other human rights organisations access to Israel, Gaza and the State of Palestine so we can investigate all suspected violations. We’re also calling on Israel to:

    • Stop punishing Palestine for signing the Rome Statute

    • Ensure adequate protection is provided to Bedouin villages and end the demolition of homes and other buildings

    • Lift the blockade on Gaza

    We’re also calling on governments around the world to stop the flow of arms to Israel and Palestinian armed groups.


    Under international humanitarian law – the “laws of war” – all parties to a conflict must ensure that attacks are proportional and only directed at legitimate military targets. Both direct attacks on civilians and indiscriminate attacks are illegal, as is placing military assets in civilian areas or buildings. Parties must take necessary precautions when undertaking attacks to minimize harm to civilians and civilian objects. They also must take all feasible precautions to protect civilians under their control from the effects of attacks.



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    Israel/OPT: Two years after 50-day offensive, still no justice for war crimes victims (Report) 7 July 2016

    Israel: Human Rights Defender and Journalist Administratively Detained. 7 July 2016  (Blog Post)

    Tair Kaminer, Israeli Conscientious Objector, Imprisoned. 4 July 2016  (Blog Post)

    Israel/OPT: Israeli authorities must protect Palestinian civilians in wake of settler attacks in Hebron (News Release) 30 Oct 2015

    Israeli forces in Occupied Palestinian Territories must end pattern of unlawful killings (News Release) 27 October 2015

    The online report,Black Friday’: Carnage in Rafah during 2014 Israel/Gaza conflict, shows new evidence that Israeli forces carried out war crimes in retaliation for the capture of an Israeli soldier. A joint report by Amnesty International and Forensic Architecture.
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