PERU: Refugee Children At Risk

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Thousands of children and adolescent asylum seekers in Peru face increased risks because authorities are denying them humanitarian immigration status, a type of temporary legal residency which they are entitled to under the Peruvian law and that allows them to get an identification card. Without this, they cannot access basic rights, such as education and health. Call on the Peruvian State to grant children and adolescent asylum seekers with humanitarian immigration status with no further delay.


Civil society organizations have registered at least 20 cases of children and adolescents who were denied the aforementioned humanitarian immigration status, without there being any justification in the current regulations for such a decision. Despite several meetings between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and civil society organizations held in September and October of this year to deal with that serious and pressing issue, there is no institutional response from the Peruvian authorities.
The failure to consider children and adolescents for a migratory condition they are entitled to, and to deliver them immigration documentation is discriminatory and puts thousands of them at risk, as it prevents them from accessing basic human rights, such as access to health and education.

  

Write to the Minister of Foreign Affairs urging him to:

• to adopt, without further delay, measures to broaden the criteria for issuing humanitarian immigration status to children and adolescent asylum seekers, to guarantee they can enjoy all their human rights without any discrimination.Employ all means at your disposal to urgently locate Steve, guarantee his safety, and safely reunite him with his family  

Write to: 

Oscar Maúrtua De Romaña  

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Jr. Lampa 545 

Cercado de Lima 

Lima, Peru 

Email: webmaster@rree.gob.pe

Salutation:   Dear Minister,

And copy: 

His Excellency Roberto Rafael Max Rodriguez Arnillas

Ambassador 

Embassy of the Republic Peru 

130 Albert Street, Suite 1901 

Ottawa, ON K1P 5G4

Phone: 613-238-1777 or 24hrs 613-293-5422  

Fax:  613-232-3062

Email:  embassy@embassyofperu.ca

Additional Information: 

The Venezuelan refugee crisis currently unfolding in the Americas is the second largest in the world, and Peru tops the list of countries that host Venezuelans fleeing their homes in search of international protection. According to UNHCR, at the end of 2020, Peru was hosting more than 500,000 asylum seekers on its territory. Obtaining documentation that allows them to access and effectively exercise
their fundamental rights (such as the right to health, work, and education) are among the main challenges they face.

 In June 2021, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs established new guidelines for the granting and extension of the Humanitarian Immigration Statute (Ministerial Resolution No. 207-2021-RE), a figure that allows asylum seekers to regularize their stay in Peru and obtain the immigration card (document that identifies foreigners residing in Peru) while they await a final response to their refugee claim.
However, with the passage of time, some difficulties were identified within the process of evaluation and granting of the Humanitarian Migration status. The main one is not related to a procedural or informative issue; but it is, in reality, related to the arbitrary decision NOT TO CONSIDER children and adolescents as possible beneficiaries of the Humanitarian Migratory status. It should be noted that this
migratory category is being granted to adults, who in many cases are also fathers and mothers, but the most vulnerable group of refugee applicants, which are children and adolescents, is being denied, it is necessary to emphasize that there is no legal limitation for the issuance of humanitarian immigration
status.

According to civil society organizations, there is no impediment or justification in the current regulations so that children and adolescents cannot be beneficiaries of the Humanitarian Migration status.

Likewise, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics, INEI, around 59% of Venezuelans fled to Peru with their sons or daughters. Likewise, the group of boys, girls and adolescents represents 22.6% of the Venezuelan population in Peruvian territory. It is, therefore, aconsiderable population group, which due to its particular situation requires special attention. It is the duty of the authorities to ensure the protection of children and adolescents within their territory, paying special attention to the best interests of the child. To do this, they must take the necessary measures to satisfy their basic needs, as well as ensure access to and exercise of their fundamental rights; also allowing to facilitate the transition and integration processes typical of the migration
process.

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If you want Updates on this case, send your request to urgentaction@amnesty.ca with “Keep me updated on UA 119/21 ” in the subject line.
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