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Chad

    September 14, 2017
    65 associations refused authorization for peaceful protests in two years 13 ministerial decrees banning protests in 2016 alone Over 10 critical websites blocked

    Human rights defenders, citizens’ movements, unionists and journalists critical of the government are facing growing danger as the government increasingly uses

    repressive laws and intelligence service to muzzle critics and hamper their work, Amnesty International reveals in a new report published today.

    ‘Between recession and repression. The rising cost of dissent in Chad’ documents how the authorities have over the recent years responded to growing public

    discontent, with ever greater restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly.

    September 04, 2017

    · At least 381 civilians have been killed by Boko Haram since April 2017 in Cameroon and Nigeria amid a spike in suicide bombings

    · Millions remain in need of urgent humanitarian assistance and protection as attacks and increased insecurity hamper aid efforts

    A major resurgence in Boko Haram attacks and suicide bombings in Cameroon and Nigeria has left at least 381 civilians dead in the five months since the start of April 2017, with casualties more than double the previous five months, Amnesty International said today.

    According to data collected by the organization, a sharp rise in civilian deaths in the Far North region of Cameroon and the Nigerian states of Borno and Adamawa has been driven by the armed group’s increased use of suicide bombers – often using women and girls who are forced to carry explosives into crowded areas.

    April 27, 2017

    Following today’s Extraordinary African Chambers appeal judgment in Senegal upholding the conviction of the former Chadian President Hissène Habré for war crimes, crimes against humanity and torture, and the sentence of life imprisonment, but acquitting him of rape, Amnesty International’s Erica Bussey said:

    “Today’s judgment marks another significant milestone in the long and determined quest for justice by former President Hissène Habré’s victims.”

    “This will inspire victims of serious human rights violations elsewhere to overcome the many obstacles on the path to justice. But we hope the judgement will also pave the way for other African countries to use universal jurisdiction to prosecute crimes under international law or for the establishment of similar hybrid courts, such as in the Central African Republic and South Sudan.”

    July 29, 2016

    The decision to grant reparation to thousands of victims in the case against former Chadian president Hissène Habré marks a significant moment in their long and determined quest for justice, Amnesty International said today. 

    “Today’s decision is a significant step in enabling the victims of crimes in the case against Hissène Habré to move on with their lives,” said Erica Bussey Amnesty International Senior Legal Advisor Africa.  

    “It is also a victory for the victims of human rights violations all over the world as it demonstrates the urgent need for reparation even when decades have passed since the crimes were committed.”

    The Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) in Dakar today granted the civil party victims of rape and sexual violence in the case 20 million FCFA each (33,880 USD), the civil party victims of arbitrary detention, torture, prisoners of war and survivors in the case 15 million FCFA each (25,410 USD) and the indirect victims 10 million FCFA each (16,935 USD). The EAC rejected the civil parties’ request for collective reparations.

    May 30, 2016

    Today’s judgment convicting former Chadian president Hissène Habré marks a significant moment for international justice and a huge relief for the tens of thousands of victims who have waited for this day for over 25 years, said  Amnesty International.

    Following a trial which began in July last year, the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) in Dakar sentenced Habré  to life imprisonment after he was found guilty of crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture committed in Chad between 1982 and 1990. He was found to have personally committed rapes. The chambers rejected the seizure of his property frozen during the trial.

    “This verdict is a victory for those victims who fought tirelessly to ensure Hissène Habré could not get away with crimes under international law. It demonstrates that when there is enough political will states can work together effectively to end impunity in even the most entrenched situations,” said Gaetan Mootoo, Amnesty International West Africa researcher.

    July 22, 2015

    By Gaëtan Mootoo, Amnesty International's Researcher on West Africa

    21 July 2015 marked my 29th anniversary working at Amnesty International and also marked the opening of the trial of former Chadian President Hissene Habré. When I joined Amnesty International in 1986, I was immediately struck by the amount of work already undertaken by colleagues on Chad since 1982, when President Hissène Habré came to power. I joined the team, part of my job was meeting people and collecting testimonies, which Amnesty International then turned into reports, press releases and actions, to shine a light on these grave human rights violations, including torture, arbitrary arrests, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances. Many of these were produced in the period from 1982 to 1990, when Hissène Habré’s rule ended.

    July 18, 2015

    The opening on Monday of the trial against former Chadian President, Hissene Habré, in Senegal will put an end to 25 years of impunity and give hope to the tens of thousands of victims of human rights violations and crimes under international law committed under his watch, Amnesty International said.

    Habré is being tried by the Extraordinary African Chambers in Dakar on charges of crimes against humanity, torture and war crimes committed while he was in power between 1982 and 1990. This is the first time a court in one African state will try the former leader of another African state.

    “The trial against Hissène Habré is a major milestone for justice in Chad and in Africa. For many victims, this day will mark the end of a 25-year-long wait,” said Gaëtan Mootoo, Amnesty International’s West Africa researcher, who worked on Chad during Habré’s presidency.

    July 08, 2015

    Chadian authorities must immediately and unconditionally release and drop all charges against a human rights defender sentenced to two-year imprisonment for peacefully expressing his views on the country’s judicial system, Amnesty International said today.

    Djeralar Minkeol is a Chadian activist and Director of Association Ngaoubourandi (ASNGA), an organization that focuses on opposing land-grabbing, and oil production issues. He was sentenced yesterday after having been arrested without a warrant last month following a radio interview during which he condemned the corrupt practices of some judicial officers. He was charged with “insulting the judiciary” (outrage a magistrate) and the public prosecutor who ordered his arrest was one of the plaintiffs in the trial.

    “Djeralar Minkeol is a prisoner of conscience who must be immediately and unconditionally released with all charges against him dropped. This move to silence government critics shows how freedom of expression is still being severely and unduly restricted in Chad,” said Steve Cockburn, Amnesty International deputy regional director for West and Central Africa.

    October 09, 2014

    The President of Chad, Idriss Deby, has been directly warned that if a homophobic bill currently before parliament is passed, he will be showing a blatant disregard for the country’s human rights obligations. In an open letter published today, Amnesty International’s Secretary General, Salil Shetty, calls on the President to scrap the bill which threatens to impose jail sentences of up to 20 years and heavy fines for people “found guilty” of same sex activity.

    “If this homophobic bill becomes law, President Deby will be blatantly disregarding the country’s international and regional human rights obligations. He will deny people their right to privacy, will institutionalize discrimination and enable the stigmatization, harassment and policing of people who are, or are perceived to be gay - regardless of their sexual behaviour.” said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International’s Secretary General.

    September 23, 2014

    A draft Bill will fuel homophobia and represents a major backwards step for human rights in Chad if passed into law, Amnesty International said today.

    Amendments to the penal code proposed by the government would criminalize same sex conduct in Chad, threatening jail sentences of between 15 and 20 years, and a fine of between CFA francs 50,000 to 500,000 ($100 and $1000.)

    “The criminalization of individuals based solely on their sexual orientation and gender identity violates Chad’s international and regional human rights obligations, and is a big step back for tolerance and respect for human rights in the country,” said Stephen Cockburn, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for West and Central Africa.

    “Amnesty International has analyzed the draft Bill. The vagueness of the proposed provision is also deeply worrying - people could be investigated and prosecuted for homosexuality based on a denunciation or rumour alone. People who are perceived to be gay or don’t conform to traditional gender stereotypes will not be able to live their lives with equality and dignity.”

    May 13, 2014

    The Chadian government’s decision to close the country’s lengthy southern border will have a disastrous impact on men, women and children fleeing months of worsening ethnically-motivated violence in the Central African Republic (CAR), Amnesty International said today.

    Yesterday it was revealed that, on 11 May, Chadian President Idriss Déby Itno announced the closure during a visit to the frontier between the two countries. He said that the border would be “sealed” to everyone except returning Chadian citizens and their belongings “until the crisis in the Central African Republic is resolved”.

    “President Déby has slammed the door in the face of refugees arriving from CAR, condemning them to continued suffering. He must reverse this decision and the international community must do more to support the tens of thousands of refugees from CAR who have fled to Chad,” said Christian Mukosa, Amnesty International’s Researcher on Central Africa.

    March 05, 2014

    Thousands of people forced to flee the violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) are now facing another humanitarian catastrophe in neighbouring Chad, said Amnesty International. The rainy season is due to start shortly and unless shelter, food and medical facilities are urgently made available their already desperate situation will quickly deteriorate.

    A delegation from Amnesty International has spent the last two weeks interviewing survivors of violence in CAR and visiting the sites where they are staying along the Chad / CAR border and in the capital N’Djamena. The delegates found thousands of people who had been neglected by the authorities and humanitarian agencies, many suffering from severe malnutrition and with no shelter other than the shade of trees. Among them were a large number of children, many separated from their families in the chaos, and in urgent need of assistance.

    November 29, 2013
    Many of the women and girls spoke of ongoing rape and other forms of sexual violence - carried out on their villages in Darfur as well as by armed militias as they were attempting to flee across the border to Chad.

    By Manar Idriss, Sudan researcher at Amnesty International

    November 19, 2013

    By Alex Neve, Secretary General, Amnesty International Canada, in N’Djamena, Chad
     

    Tension is building fast along the Chad/Sudan border. The signs of a worsening human rights situation in Sudan’s neighbouring Darfur region have been growing for months, including while we have been travelling in areas close to the border during this mission. Fighting and human rights violations are always more prevalent during the dry season. And the end of the rainy season this year has certainly brought a sharp increase in violence.

    Fighting is raging between various ethnic groups on the Darfur side of the border, particularly between two Arab tribes, the Salamat and Misseriya, who have been allies in the past. More villages are being attacked and left in ruins. That means more people killed and injured. It also means more women and girls being raped, though it is as of yet impossible to get a clear read on how widespread that has become. Homes and businesses are being set on fire and destroyed.  Looting and theft, of livestock and personal property, is pervasive.

    October 24, 2013

    Killings, enforced disappearances, illegal detention and arbitrary arrests of critics of the government are far too frequent in Chad and must come to an end, says Amnesty International in a report released today.

    “People are dying in detention, held incommunicado and arbitrarily arrested left, right and centre, all in the name of ‘protecting national security’,” says Christian Mukosa, Amnesty International’s Chad researcher. “The government is doing everything it can to silence anyone who dares to criticize them.”

    The report, Chad: In the name of security? released today, provides evidence about how the government  brutally represses any form of criticism and restricts the freedom of expression in the country. 

    Hundreds of people - including opposition MPs, journalists and academics – are illegally detained in Chad, many held without charge in deplorable conditions.

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