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    Human rights in China

    Human rights violations in China are widespread, touching many sectors of society.

    China is a world leader with respect to the number of executions performed. The death penalty is not only imposed for violent crimes, but for some non-violent ones, as well. Statistics on death sentences and executions are classified. Judges decisions are open to political interference and trials do not come close to meeting international standards.

    Harsh measures are taken against government critics, political activists and human rights defenders. They face harassment, intimidation, arbitrary and illegal detention, enforced disappearances, torture and even the possibility of death in custody as a result of their activities.

    There is systematic repression of minority groups, including Tibetans, Uighurs, Mongolians, Falun Gong practitioners and Christians and those who practice their religion outside state-sanctioned churches. The authorities attempt to bring all religious practice under the control of the state.

    Migrant workers face systematic discrimination, as well. Citizens are being forcibly evicted from their homes and farms, without adequate due process or compensation.

    China’s economic strength during the global financial crisis increased the country’s leverage in the domain of global human rights – and not for the better.

    Photo: Amnesty International activists take part in a protest in support of blind Chinese activist Chen Guangcheng, on May 9, 2012 in front of the China's embassy in Paris. MARTIN BUREAU/AFP/GettyImages)

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